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What is RDI?

RDI Outlined

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The goal of RDI

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Our Recent Work

Dynamic Intelligence Explained

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What is RDI?

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RDI is designed to treat the autism itself in children and adults.

These videos illustrate examples of progress that has been made with RDI.

RDI in action

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RDI in action

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Relationship Development Intervention (RDI™)

Evidence Based Practice for Remediating Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Relationship Development Intervention (RDI™

) is a cost

-

effective research

-

guided intervention approach

for remediating

autism spectru

m disorders

. The program uses a parent

-

training model to help children

learn skills like joint attention, social referencing, theory of mind, social reciprocity, and communication

for experience sharing purposes.

It is

an evidence

-

based pract

ice

approach

t

hat makes use of

a

combination

of the best available research and

clinical expertise

in

treatment decision

s

(Twachtman

-

Cullen, 2009).

The following are

p

eer

-

reviewed

published articles document

evidence

of

its efficacy for

children

with ASD.

Gutstein, S.

E., Burgess, A. F., & Montfort, K. (2007). Evaluation of the relationship

development intervention program.

Autism

,

11

(5), 397

-

411.

Gutstein, S. E. (2009). Empowering families through relationship development intervention: an

important part of the biopsyc

hosocial management of autism spectrum disorders.

Ann Clin

Psychiatry

,

21

(3), 174

-

182.

Beurkens, N. M., Hobson, J. A., & Hobson, R. P. (2013). Autism severity and qualities of parent

child relations.

Journal

Of Autism And Developmental Disorders

,

43

(1), 16

8

-

178.

Larkin, F., Guerin, S., Hobson, J. A., & Gutstein, S. E. (2013). The Relationship Development

Assessment

Research Version: Preliminary validation of a clinical tool and coding schemes to

measure parent

-

child interaction in autism.

Clinical

Child Psy

chology And Psychiatry

,

1359104513514065.

Hobson, J. A., Tarver, L., Beurkens, N., & Hobson, R. P. (2015). The Relation between Severity

of Autism an

d Caregiver

-

Child Interaction: A

Study in the Context of Relationship Development

Intervention.

Journal

Of

Abnormal Child Psychology

, 1

-

11.

A broader examination of the literature demonstrates a growing body of empirical research evidence and

best practice recommendations supporting the practices embedded in RDI

. Specifically, RDI

is a

family

-

centered, inten

sive, objective driven, individualized intervention targeting the components

of

social

-

emotional development

in the context of the parent

-

child relationship. The

articles listed

below

document the peer

-

reviewed published

evidence supporting

the

core compon

ents of RDI

for treating

autism spectrum disorders

.

SUPPORT FOR RDI

remediating the core deficits of autism in a developmental progression

Aldred C, Green J, and Adams C. (2004). A new social communication intervention for children with

autism: pilot

randomized controlled treatment study suggesting effectiveness.

Journal of Child

Psychology & Psychiatry,

45(8), 1420

-

1430.

Hobson, J. A., Hobson, P., Gutstein, S., Ballarani, A., Bargiota, K. (2008). Caregiver

-

child relatedness in

autism, what changes

with intervention? Poster presented at the meeting of the International Meeting For

Autism Research (IMFAR), April 2008, London, UK.

Howlin, P. (2008). Can children with autism spectrum disorders be helped to acquire a “theory of mind”?

Revista de Logope

diay Audiologia

, Vol. 28(7), 74

-

89.

2

Jones E.

A., Carr E. G., Feeley K. M. (2006). Multiple effects of joint attention intervention for

children

with autism.

Behavior Modification

. Nov. 30(6):782

-

834.

Kasari C, Freeman S, Paparella T. (2006). Joint attention and symbolic play in young children

with

autism: a randomized controlled intervention

study.

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

, 47(6)

611

-

20.

Keen D

, Rodger S, Doussin

K, Braithwaite M. (2007) Pilot study of the effects of a social

-

pragmatic

intervention on the communication and symbolic play of children with autism.

Autism

, 11(1), 63

-

71.

Mahoney, G., and F. Perales (2005). Relationship

-

focused early intervention wit

h children with pervasive

developmental disorders and other disabilities: a comparative study.

Journal of Developmental &

Behavioral Pediatrics,

26(2), 77

-

85.

Schertz, H. H

., Odom, S. L. (2007). Promoting joint attention in toddlers with autism: a parent

-

mediated

developmental model.

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

. Sept., 37(8

) pp. 1562

-

1575.

Siller, M. & Sigman, M. (2008). Modeling longitudinal change in the language abilities of children with

autism: parent behaviors and child characteristics as predictors of change. Developmental Psychology,

44(6), 1691

-

1704.

Solomon, R.

, Necheles, J., Ferch, C. & Bruckman, D. (2007). Pilot study of a parent training program for

young children with autism: The P.L.A.Y. Project Home Consultation program.

Autism,

11, no.3, 205

-

224.

Tannock, R

., Girolametto, L. & Siegal, L. (1992) Language intervention wi

th children who have

developmental delays: Effects of an interactive approach.

American Journal on Mental Retardation,

97,

145

-

160.

Whalen, C. and Schreibman, L. (2003). Joint attention training for children with autism using behavior

modification proce

dures.

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,

44(3) 456

-

468.

SUPPORT FOR RDI

improving overall functioning (

per

special education placement,

ADOS

diagnostic category, and other normed valid measures of ASD symptoms like flexibility and

joint

at

tention)

Gutstein, S., (2005) Relationship Development Intervention: Developing a Treatment Program to Address

the Unique Social and Emotional Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Autism Spectrum Quarterly

,

Winter, 8

-

12.

Gutstein, S., Burgess, A. & Mon

tfort, K. (2007). Evaluation of the Relationship Development

Intervention Program.

Autism

, 11, 397

-

411.

Hobson, J. A., Hobson, P., Gutstein, S., Ballarani, A., Bargiota, K. (2008) Caregiver

-

child relatedness in

autism, what changes with intervention? Pos

ter presented at the meeting of the

International Meeting for

Autism Research

.

3

SUPPORT FOR RDI

training parents

through

ongoing consultation and using the parent

-

child

relationship as a natural context for child learning and growth

Aldred, C., Green,

J., and Adams, C. (2004). A new social communication intervention for children with

autism: pilot randomized controlled treatment study suggesting effectiveness.

Journal of Child

Psychology & Psychiatry,

45(8), 1420

-

30.

Beurkens, N.M., Hobson, J.A., Hob

son, R.P. (2013). Autism severity and qualities of parent

-

child

relations.

J Autism Dev Disord

., 43(1), 168

-

78. doi: 10.1007/s10803

-

012

-

1562

-

4.

Casenhiser, D., Shanker, S.G.,

&

Stieben, J. (2011). Learning Through Social Interactions in Children

with Autis

m: Preliminary Data from a Social

-

Communications

-

Based Intervention.

Autism

, 26, Sept: 1

-

22.

Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. (2015).

Supportive Relationships and Active Skill

-

Building Strengthen the Foundations of Resilience: Working

Paper

13

.

www.developingchild.harvard.edu

.

Dawson, G., Rogers, S., et al. (2010). RCT of an Intervention for Toddlers with Autism: The Early Sta

rt

Denver Model.

Pediatrics

, 125(1).

Drew, A., G. Baird, S. Baron

-

Cohen, A. Cox, V. Slonim, S. Wheelwright, J. Swettenham, B. Berry, and

T. Charman. (2002). A pilot randomized control trial of parent training intervention for pre

-

school

children with aut

ism.

European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,

11, 266

-

272.

Green, J., Charman, T., McConachie, H., et al. (2010). Parent

-

mediated communication

-

focused treatment

in children with autism (PACT): A randomized controlled trial.

Lancet Online

, May 21.

Greens

pan, S.I., & Wieder, S. (1997). Developmental Patterns and Outcomes in Infants and Children with

Disorders in Relating and Communication: A Chart Review of 200 Cases of Children with Autistic

Spectrum Disorders.

The Journal of Developmental and Learning D

isorders

, 1(1), 87

-

141.

Gutstein, S. (2004). The effectiveness of Relationship Development Intervention in remediating core

deficits of autism

-

spectrum children,

Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics

, 25(5), 375.

Gutstein, S. E., Burgess, A.

F., & Montfort, K. (2007). Evaluation of the relationship development

intervention program,

Autism

, 11(5), 397

-

411.

Ingersoll, B., Dvortcsak, A., Whalen, C. & Sikora, D. (2005). The Effects of a Developmental, Social

-

Pragmatic Language Intervention on Ra

te of Expressive Language Production in Young Children With

Autistic Spectrum Disorders,

Focus of Autism and Other Developmental Disorders

, 20(4), 213

-

222.

Jones E. A., Carr E. G., Feeley K. M. (2006). Multiple effects of joint attention intervention for

children

with autism.

Behavior Modification

. N

ov. 30(6):782

-

834.

4

Kasari, C., Gulsrud, A.C., Wong, C., Kwon, S. & Locke, J. (2010). Randomized controlled caregiver

mediated joint engagement intervention for toddlers with autism,

Journal of Autism and Developmental

Disorders

, 40(9): 1045

1056.

Kasari,

C., Paparella, T., Freeman, S., & Jahromi, L.B. (2008). Language outcome in autism: randomized

comparison of joint attention and play interventions,

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

,

76(1), 125

-

137.

Landa, R.J., Holman, K.C., O’Neill, A.H., &

Stuart, E.A. (2011). Intervention targeting development of

socially synchronous engagement in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled

trial,

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

, 52(1), 13

-

21.

Krebs Seida, J., Ospina, M., Kar

khaneh, M., Hartling, L., Smith, V. & Clark, B. (2009). Systemic reviews

of psychosocial interventions for autism: An umbrella review,

Developmental Medicine & Child

Neurology

, 51, 95

-

104.

Mahoney, G. & Perales, F. (2003). Using relationship

-

focused interv

ention to enhance the social

emotional functioning of young children with autism spectrum disorders.

Topics in Early Childhood

Special Education

, 23(2), 74

86.

Mahoney, G., & Perales, F. (2005). Relationship

-

focused early intervention with children with pe

rvasive

developmental disorders and other disabilities: a comparative study,

Journal of Developmental &

Behavioral Pediatrics,

26(2), 77

-

85.

McConachie H., Diggle T. (2007), Parent implemented early intervention for young children

with autism

spectrum disorder: a systematic review.

Journal of Eva

luation in Clinical Practice.

Feb, 13(1), 120

-

9.

McConachie, H., Randle, V., Hammal, D., & Le Couteur, A. (2005). A controlled trial of a training

course for parents of children with suspected autism spectrum disorder.

Journal of Pediatrics,

147(3),

335

-

3

40.

Ospina, M., Krebs Seida, J., Clark, B., Karkhaneh, M., Hartling, L., Tjosvold, L., Vandermeer, B. &

Smith, V. (2008). Behavioural and Developmental Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A

Clinical Systematic Review,

PLoS ONE

, 3(11), e3755. doi:1

0.1371/journal.pone.0003755.

Pajareya, K. & Nopmaneejumruslers, K. (2011). A pilot RCT of DIR/Floortime parent training

intervention for pre

-

school children with ASD,

Autism

, 15(2), 1

-

15.

Prizant, B.M. & Wetherby, A.M. (1998). Understanding the continuum o

f “discrete

-

trial traditional

behavioral” to “social

-

pragmatic developmental” approaches to communication enhancement for young

children with autism/PDD,

Seminars in Speech and Language

, 19, 329

353.

Reichow, B., Volkmar, & Cicchetti, (2008). Development o

f the Evaluative Method for Evaluating and

Determining Evidence

-

Based Practices in Autism,

J. Autism Dev. Disord.

, 38, 1311.

Schertz, H. H

., Odom, S. L. (2007). Promoting joint attention in toddlers with autism: a parent

-

mediated

developmental model.

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

. Sept. 37(8) pp. 1562

-

1575.

5

Siller, M. & Sigma

n M. (2002). The behaviors of parents of children with autism predict the subsequent

development of their children’s communication.

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, 32(2),

77

-

89.

Solomon, R., Necheles, J., Ferch, C., & Bruckman, D. (2007). P

ilot study of a parent training program for

young children with autism: The P.L.A.Y. Project Home Consultation program,

Autism, 11(3), 205

-

224.

SUPPORT FOR RDI

incorporating

intervention into daily routines

while

account

ing

for

caregiv

er needs and ch

ild functioning

Aldred, C., Green, J., and Adams, C. (2004). A new social communication intervention for children with

autism: pilot randomized controlled treatment study suggesting effectiveness.

Journal of Child

Psychology & Psychiatry

45(8), 1420

-

1430.

Prizant, B. (2008). Treatment Options and Parent Choice: An Individualized Approach to Intervention,

Autism Spectrum Quarterly

, Winter, 34

-

37.

Prizant, B. (2009). Creating a culture of family

-

centered practice for the autism community,

Autism

Spectrum Quarterly

, Summer, 30

-

33.

Deborah Berrang, Amy Leventhal,

Melissa Rascovitch, Blair Armstrong, and Sarah Wayland contributed

to

this list